The Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board (APPCB) would be taking up an influence study of Municipal Solid Waste on environment at four sites in the State, as part of a World Bank assisted project.
The project is also aligned with Union Government endeavour to establish a National Programme for Rehabilitation of Polluted Sites (NPRPS) on clean up and rehabilitation of polluted sites and thereby reduce associated environmental and health risks.
To be initiated in Vijayawada, Ananthapur, Karimnagar and Warangal, the project would have analysis of samples from sites here and establish the extent of pollution, characteristics and ranking of pollutants. Consultants would be appointed to work out a detailed sampling protocol to assess pollution levels of the site and the present environmental status.
Samples from the site would be analysed for physico-chemical parameters, heavy metals, volatile, semi-volatile and non-volatile organics as per the MSW rules and based on pollutant parameters at the site.
The field investigations include identification of the hotspots at the dumpsite and surroundings apart from determining soil characteristics, depth of aquifer and quality of ambient groundwater. Other aspects to be determined are pollution concentration in both soil and groundwater through test pits, bore holes, monitoring wells and nearby water bodies.
An estimation of landfill gas along with estimation of waste quantum and characteristics and an affected population report based on socio-economic surveys are part of the initiative. Impact of the pollution on flora and fauna and risk and impact assessment from continuous exposure to environmental and health contaminates, pathogenic as well as bacteriology, too would be taken up.
The other priority components of the World Bank’s Capacity Building and Industrial Pollution Management Project (CBIPMP) include technical and administrative support for remediation of the water body, Noor Mohammad Kunta in the city and closure and containment of Kadapa Municipal Solid Waste site